Serving professionals in engineering, environmental, and groundwater geology
since 1957


Date: Tuesday, April 13, 2004
Location: El Adobe Restaurant, 31891 Camino Capistrano, San Juan Capistrano;(949) 493-1163
Time: 6:00 p.m.-Social Hour; 7:00 p.m.-Dinner; 7:45 p.m.-Presentation

Cost: $25 per person with reservations, $30 at the door, $12 for students with a valid Student ID
Reservations: Call (949) 253-5924 ex 564, or email Brian Villalobos,
By 5:00 p.m., Monday, April 5, 2004

SPEAKER: Ali Bastani, Ph.D,. GE, Leighton Consulting, Inc.
TITLE: Bam, Iran Earthquake of December 26, 2003


As part of Earthquake Engineering Research Institute’s (EERI) Learning from Earthquakes (LFE) program supported by the National Science Foundation, EERI sent a team of engineers and medical specialists to Iran to investigate and report on the effects of the 6.6 magnitude earthquake that destroyed the city of Bam on December 26, 2003. The earthquake resulted in the deaths of more than 43,000 people (about half of the city’s population), with an additional 20,000 seriously injured, and left another 20,000 to 30,000 people homeless. The devastating quake took more than lives; it also laid waste to the city’s restored old town and massive citadel of Arg-e-Bam (the largest mud-brick complex in the world).

Iran is located in the middle of Arabian and Eurasia Tectonic Plates. The city of Bam is in a highly seismically active area southeast of the Lut block at the eastern end of the Zagros Mountain Range. The Arabia-Eurasia convergence is translated into shear on major north-south striking, right-slip faults on the east and west margins of the rigid Lut Block. More than ten major earthquakes, with magnitudes ranging from 5.0 to 7.0, were reported within a 100 km distance from the city of Bam during the past quarter century. However, this historical city was not significantly shaken within recent history. The epicentral region was located in the city, producing peak horizontal and vertical accelerations of 0.8g and 1g, respectively, with a high directivity pulse. The earthquake caused destruction of most of the adobe and some of the more recent structures in the city. The other effects of the earthquake included damage to the city’s potable water pipelines and qanat systems, which provided half of the irrigation water required for the agricultural use in the area.


Ali Bastani is a Senior Project Engineer with Leighton Consulting, Inc. Dr. Bastani received his B.S. from the Polytechnic of Tehran, and his M.S. and Ph.D. from the University of California at Davis. He has been involved in many public work projects during the past ten years, including municipal solid waste landfills, water reservoirs, transportation, and commercial design projects. He also pursues research in liquefaction and liquefaction-induced deformation of embankments. Dr. Bastani was also part of the Pacific Earthquake Engineering Research Center reconnaissance team for the 2001 Nisqually Earthquake in Seattle, and EERI’s team for the 2003 Bam Earthquake.